Business aviation and the environment – CO2 Standards and the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) certification
On 6 March 2017, the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) adopted new aircraft CO2 emissions standards, to reduce the impact of aviation greenhouse gas emissions on the global climate.
As part of the Chicago Convention on Environmental Protection, the ICAO created the world’s first global design certification standard governing CO2 emissions for any industry sector.
The global design standard by 2020, 2023 and 2028
This standard applies to new aircraft designs from 2020, and, to designs already in production from 2023. Further, aircraft that are already in production must meet the standard by 2028 or be sufficiently modified. (See Volume III, Annex 16 of the Chicago Convention on Environmental Protection).
According to ICAO, the most stringent aspects of the standard apply to “larger” aircraft, although the proposal covers a full range of sizes and aircraft types, considering technological feasibility, emissions reduction potential and cost considerations. According to the report, “Operations of aircraft weighing over 60 [metric tons] account for more than 90% of international aviation emissions”.
As business aviation aircraft continues to grow, the standard could affect the sector in the future.
The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is a UN specialised agency, established by states in 1944 to manage the administration and governance of the Convention on International Civil Aviation (Chicago Convention).
ICAO works with the 193 member states and industry groups to reach consensus on international civil aviation Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs) and policies in support of a safe, efficient, secure, economically sustainable and environmentally responsible civil aviation sector. These SARPs and policies are used by ICAO Member States to ensure that their local civil aviation operations and regulations conform to global norms, which in turn permits more than 100,000 daily flights in aviation’s global network to operate safely and reliably in every region of the world.