By Róman Kok

Netherlands 2023 Elections: A Shift Towards the Far-Right

The outcome of the Dutch elections has taken many by surprise, marking the rise of the far-right party PVV.

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The 2023 general elections in the Netherlands have marked a shift in the country’s political landscape, with the far-right Party for Freedom (PVV), led by Geert Wilders, clinching a significant victory. This outcome has upended the traditional moderate political equilibrium of the nation and sent ripples across the European Union, marking the start of an expected shift towards more conservatism across the Union.

The Rise of the Far-Right

The PVV’s electoral success is reflective of a growing trend in European politics where right-wing parties are gaining traction. Wilders’ party, known for its stringent anti-immigration stance, has long been a polarizing force in Dutch politics. The party’s advocacy for a ‘Nexit’ – Netherlands’ potential exit from the EU – echoes the populist Euroscepticism seen in other parts of Europe.

The Coalition Conundrum

Despite the PVV’s significant electoral gains, the formation of a coalition government in the Dutch parliamentary system poses a complex challenge. The PVV, with its 37 seats, faces the task of forging alliances in a political landscape where many parties have previously expressed reservations about partnering with Wilders’ party. Coalition talks are expected to be complex and could take months, reflecting the intricate nature of Dutch politics. Added complexity also poses itself in the current Dutch Senate, where the newly found Farmers’ Party (BBB) holds a strong footing.

Potential coalition scenarios could involve the PVV aligning with the conservative People’s Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD), led by Dilan Yeşilgöz-Zegerius, and the New Social Contract party, a newcomer on the political scene with a reformist agenda led by Pieter Omtzigt. However, such a coalition would likely necessitate the PVV to moderate some of its more radical proposals, particularly those deemed unconstitutional.

Additionally, while an alternative coalition excluding the PVV is technically possible, the wide ideological spread among other parties, ranging from the Greens as the party of Timmerman’s Labour/Green party to the farmers’ party in the Senate, makes this option equally challenging.

Economic Outlook and EU Relations

The PVV’s economic policies are characterised by a populist approach, emphasising increased public spending in areas such as pensions and higher minimum wages. This approach, however, will have to be balanced against the fiscal prudence expected by potential coalition partners.

In terms of EU relations, a government influenced by the PVV is anticipated to adopt a tougher stance within the Union. This could lead to increased tensions, especially on issues like migration, refugee policies, and the Netherlands’ support for international causes such as Ukraine.

The aviation sector might experience a more pragmatic approach from the incoming government. Recent discussions from the winning parties around modifying regulations at major Dutch airports, including Schiphol, suggest a shift towards more nuanced policies. These changes, primarily aimed at maintaining socioeconomic development, have the potential to indirectly benefit industries like business aviation by creating a more dynamic and open market environment.


The 2023 Dutch elections have set the stage for significant changes in the country’s domestic and foreign policies. The formation of the new government, the balancing of populist economic policies with fiscal realities, and the potential impact on sectors like business aviation are all areas of interest. Additionally, the Netherlands’ role within the EU and its stance on key international issues will be closely watched as the new political landscape unfolds.

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